World Deer Day

World Deer Day is a professional holiday for reindeer breeders and was first celebrated in 1932 in Nenets Autonomous Okrug. It is dedicated to the end of summer pasture (the most difficult period in reindeer breeding) and to the start of the winter pasture period.
Since 1985 that holiday was called a Reindeer Breeder Day and was celebrated on 2 of August. In 2002, at the first congress of Nenets Autonomous Okrug Reindeer Breeders’ Congress it was decided to rename it into World Deer Day. The deer is a sacred animal for natives of tundra and that’s not a wonder because it provided them with food, clothes and transport for centuries.
On 14 of December 2007 the holiday was officially recognized by federal law “about traditional holiday – World Deer Day in Nenets Autonomous Okrug”.
Since then the celebrations of the holiday are well-funded. The celebrations present many activities such as jumps over the sledges, throwing of lassos, concerts of traditional singing and dancing.
Deer - Cervus elaphus – is a cloven-hoofed mammal. There are 40 species of deer in the world, habituating in Europe, Asia, North and South America. Nowadays deer were taken to Australia and New Zealand.
Size and mass of deer differs and depends on the species. Deer couldn’t be characterized as big animals.
Newborn deer has a body length of 70cm, height of 50-57cm and weight of 7 kilos. However it weighs 36 kilos to its first birthday. To the age of two years male deer are 10 kilos heavier than female and weigh 69-70 kilos.  Female deer grow in weight until the age of three years, and male deer grow heavier until the age of four – up to 110-115 kilos.
Deer legs are the perfect means of transportation. Hoofs of the front legs are wide and flat, they spread widely and due to the hair broom that grows near them they don’t let deer slip in snow and ice.
The most important, though, is its incredible beauty, its grace. Deer don’t charm poets and us for nothing. {jcomments on}