Actual Problems of Water Sustainability

   In view of rationalization of nature use, the resolution of such priority tasks as efficiency of water saving in all areas of water consumption, rehabilitation of soil fertility, efficient use and protection of plant cover of foothills and mountainous zones is envisaged in the Republic of Uzbekistan. These problems are especially actual for the Southern regions of Uzbekistan, including the Kashkadarya and Surkhan-Sherabad river basins.
    Preparation of staff, education of a new personality oriented to the system of ecological values are necessary for resolution of these problems and sustainable development of this region. Only the community consisted of people with new ecological outlook can sustainably develop.
    The special role in provision of the ecological education for sustainable development belongs to universities, in particular to the Karshi Institute of Engineering and Economics, its department of environmental protection and ecology.
    The department ‘Protection of Environment and Ecology’ of the Karshi Institute of Engineering and Economics was established on 20 July 2000. Now it is the only department in the south-west of Uzbekistan preparing bachelors’ in the field of the ‘Protection of Environment’. The first graduation took place in 2001 and 197 bachelors’ have been prepared by 2009. The possessor of the ‘Zulfiya’ state prize, the winners of the Republican competitions ‘Kelajak Ovozi’ and ‘Eng Ibratli Yigit’, ecological Olympiads were prepared at the department. Five text-books, three teaching aids, about 400 scientific and methodical works and more than ten patents and invention certificates were prepared and issued. Besides that, the lecturers of the department worked on probation in Sweden, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, Spain, Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Kazakhstan and the Ukraine. The department ‘Protection of Environment and Ecology’ is the organizer of five international and three Republican scientific and methodical forums; it is also the participant of international and republican innovation fairs and expeditions. This is the evidence of high qualification of lecturer’s stuff of the department. Shukhrat Muradov, the head of the department is also the head of the Southern Regional Scientific Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
    Once in two year, the department of ‘Protection of Environment and Ecology’ of the Karshi Institute of Engineering and Economics organizes Republican conferences on actual ecological problems.
   The Republican scientific and technical, methodical conference the ‘Actual Problems of Water Sustainability Provision’ was held in Karshi city on 20-21 November. It was organized by the Kashkardarya Province Khokimiyat ( Major’s Office), the Southern Regional Scientific Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the department ‘Protection of Environment and Ecology’ of the Karshi Institute of Engineering and Economics and the ‘Tempus’ program in Uzbekistan.
    Scientists from the research institutions of Uzbekistan, the National University of Uzbekistan named after M.Ulugbek, the Nukus branch of the Tashkent Agrarian University, ‘the Uzgidromet’, the Institute of Water Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, practical workers and specialists from the Province Committee for Nature Protection and representatives of agricultural sector took part in the republican seminar.
    Rizmat Shodiev, the rector of the Karshi Institute of Engineering and Economics, Akram Oripov, the deputy khokim of the Kashkardarya province made welcoming speeches.
    Reports on water resources of the Kashkadarya river basin,  the theory and practice of water sustainability of the arid territories of Uzbekistan, improvement of education in the field of ecology and environmental protection, hydrology of rivers, lakes and reservoirs were presented during the conference. The problems od melioration hydrology, chemical hydrology and hydro-ecology, complex use and protection of water resources ( integrated waters management) were also discussed.
    During the conference scientists shared the results of their scientific developments, plans of researches, defined new directions of future researches.
    The participants of the conference emphasized the fruitfulness of such meetings, where it is possible to discuss results of works, actual areas of researches and strengthen cooperation. The fact that scientists and practical workers continued to discuss reports and dispute during the breaks was the evidence of it. At the end of the conference, participants highlighted the necessity of more frequent contacts among them. It undoubtedly will serve for the sake of common affair – ecologically sustainable development of Uzbekistan.

R.Ibragimov     
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