Ecological Problems do not Mean a Sentence

  The nature does not recognize the administrative borders, therefore ecological problems often emerging because of the human fault, cannot be limited by the territory of only one state.
    The tragedy of the Aral Sea is the bright example of our irresponsible attitude to ecological problems. At sight of one generation, it has turned from beautiful water body with unique ecosystem to the water body doomed to ‘excruciating’ drying. At present, the area of the Aral Sea has reduced by seven times compared to1964; its volume – by more than thirteen times. Water level reduced by 26m, cost line stepped back by hundreds of kilometers. Mineralization of water reached 120gr/l at the Western part and 280gr/l at the Eastern part. The vast territories of white salt fields, covered by sands appeared on the dried up part of the sea. They formed the new desert Aralkum with area about 5.0 million hectares. Dust and salt storms rage over it and carry over million tons of salt, dust and sand by hundreds of kilometers. Length of dust and salt tails reaches over 400km. The radius of action of dust storms is about 300km. About 100 million tons of salt containing dust annually rises to the atmosphere there.
    The drying up of the sea causes swallowing of oxbow lakes, fall of subsoil waters level and gradual and irrevocable degradation of ecosystems that negatively affects on health and living standards of the population. Changes of temperature, air and water regimes of the Aral Sea region have caused a lot of ecological problems all over the Central Asia region. They have also caused the anxiety of the countries located at the considerable distance from this region.
    Today the sad example of the Aral Sea ecological catastrophe forces to make a more thoughtful approach to the problems of use of different natural resources as well as to any economic interference of human being with the ecological laws of the environment.
    The countries of Central Asia have inherited not only common historical past, but also rich natural present that should be efficiently managed. Therefore today the most important task is to form the new vision and understanding of the Aral Sea crisis by the world community; as well as to develop concrete measures to improve  the situation. They will lay the foundation on further fruitful cooperation for protection of gene pool of population, flora and fauna of all Central Asian region.
    The International Ecological Forum ‘Transboundary Ecological Problems of Central Asia: Application of the International Legal Mechanisms for their Resolution’ was organized to discuss current ecological situation, establish the dialogue, express own opinion, define the ways of further sustainable development of whole region. It was held in Tashkent, from 16 to 17 November.
    Forum gathered more than 300 participants. Scientists, public figures, leading specialists of the departments that are engaged into the problems of the environment and nature protection, health care, economy of the Central Asian countries and also over 100 international experts in the field of ecology and law were among them.
    Agenda of the conference envisaged the official part in the form of the presentations of the leading experts in the field of ecology and international law and also the visiting of two regions of high ecological tension, located at the lower reaches and upper reaches of the Amudarya water artery.
    This conference was held owing to initiative of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan. Excellent arrangement, the high level of expert and professional stuff of participants, scientific and constructive format of intercourse – all these characterized this event. The exhibition of photographies from the zones of ecological disaster of the Aral Sea region and the Surkhandarya province opened the international forum. It allowed become clearly convinced in seriousness of the discussed problems.
    Our dear readers can find more information about the materials of the conference in near future on the site www.econews.uz and also on the pages of the ‘Ekologichesky Vestnik’ journal. Watch for updating of our information resources.

N.Shivaldova   
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