International Cooperation in the Field of OVOS

The first Korean-Uzbek seminar on increase of capacity and exchange of experience in the field of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) is held in Tashkent on 14-16 December 2010. The seminar is organized by the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Research Institute on Environmental Protection of the Republic of Korea (KEI) within the framework of the Memorandum on mutual understanding and cooperation in the field of environment between the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Korea.
    Recently the progressive development of bilateral relations in political, economic, cultural and humanitarian areas between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Korea has been noticeable. The visit of I.A.Karimov, the President of Uzbekistan to Korea in February 2010 became the evidence of this. The President Lee Myung-bak and the President I.A.Karimov highly assessed the broadening of mutually beneficial cooperation in different sectors, including the ecological sector, at the Summit of two countries.

    During the visit, the Memorandum on mutual understanding and cooperation in the field of environment between the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Korea was signed. The Memorandum envisages development and promotion of long term cooperation in the field of environmental protection and development, provision of reliable partnership for exchange of information, technologies and experience in this area.
    The environmental impact assessment  (EIA) is one of the priority areas of this cooperation. The international experience and exchange of knowledge in the field of EAI are very useful for the specialists of this branch that establish the compliance of any activity to the ecological requirements.
    Just these problems are considered at the first Korean- Uzbek seminar on increase of capacity in the field of the environmental impact assessment  (EIA) that is held in Tashkent on 14-16 December 2010. Heads and leading specialists of the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Goscompriroda), including state appraisal system bodies of territory committees for nature protection, specialists of  the Research Institute of Hydrometeorology, a number of organizations involved with problems of ecological designing, development of ecological norms, journalists and also the specialists of the Research Institute of Environmental Protection of the Republic of Korea (KEI) took part in this event.
    At the seminar the specialists in the field of ecological appraisal are discussing main aspects of legislation, regulation and the system of assessment of impact on the environment in two countries and increase of the capacity in the field of EIA.  
    The participants of the seminar emphasize that procedure of assessment of impact on the environment is the most effective measure for prevention of possible negative consequences and ecological risks of anthropogenic activity.
    In Uzbekistan the Law ‘On Ecological Appraisal’ adopted in 2000 and the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan ‘On Approval of Regulations on the State Ecological Appraisal’ dated 2001 year envisage the implementation of EIA for all kinds of planed economic and other activity, passing through the state ecological appraisal.
    Following the legislation, the unified system of state ecological appraisal is established. It includes specialized expert units in the system of Goscompriroda. EIA of planed economic activity assists taking ecologically correct management decision on the implementation of planed economic and other activity by means of definition of possible negative impacts, assessment of ecological consequences, consideration of public opinion, and development of measures on reduction and prevention of impacts. Because of this, it is very important to continuously increase the capacity in the field of EIA.
    The entities subject to the state ecological appraisal are determined by the legislation following that, depending on the degree of their impact on the environment, kinds of activity are divided into four categories: high, middle, low risks and local impact. The entities of high and middle risks are considered at the Head State Ecological Appraisal of the ‘Goscompriroda’ and entities of low and local risks – at regional units.
    The specialists from Korea in their turn spoke in details about the principles of regulation and the system of the assessment of impact on the environment in Korea.
    The participants of the seminar discuss and share their experience in the problems of improvement of treatment with industrial and domestic wastes, ecological problems in the field of extraction of minerals, consideration of water quality in the course of implementation of EIA and monitoring. The specialists from Korea share their experience of development and implementation of the Program in this area.
    The participants of the seminar will also visit the nature protection objects of Tashkent city and Tashkent province and receive appropriate certificates.

The Information Service of the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan

 

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