Let us Evaluate the Importance of Forest in Human Life
- Создано 28.06.2010 19:00
- Обновлено 26.09.2014 01:38
- Просмотров: 14916
Added by R.Ibragimov
Forests are the important factor providing human existence. They bear such ecological functions as regulation of climate and water turn over in nature. Besides that, they provide humanity with necessary natural products, such as wood, food products, fodder for domestic animals, medicinal plants and give great opportunity for rest and tourism.
So far forests experience great anthropogenous load because of raising demand for forest products. It leads to degradation of forests, reduces their role of environment regulator.
Responding on raising demand for objective information about forest both at state and global levels, FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) initiated actions aimed at support of the Monitoring and Assessment of National Forest Resources (MAFR).
The acquaintance of countries with alternative methods of collection of trustworthy information about forests, users of natural resources and their management is the goal of MAFR initiative. Special attention is attached to the monitoring of the state and changes of forests, their social, economic and ecological functions. Besides this, creation of national data bank and unification of the methods, definitions related to forest, classification systems of different countries are the important goal.
Our Republic is sparsely forested country. The state forest fund makes up 21% from the total area of the Republic. The state management in the field of protection, use and reproduction of forests is delegated to the Head Department of Forestry under the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan. There are 67 forestries, 8 specialized forestries (growing and treatment of medicinal and food grasses), 6 reserves, 6 forest-hunting entities, the Zaamin National natural Park, 7 forest experimental plots, 1 specialized forestry, 2 specialized enterprises, 10 production units and 1 state enterprise in the system of the Head Forestry Department under the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of the Republic of Uzbekistan. It is a great capacity. The significant experience of work in forest-use regulation, rehabilitation of forest massifs and forest protection has been accumulated during the years of action.
Taking all this into account, the World Food Program of United Nations Organization (FAO) organized four-day international training seminar on the ‘Monitoring and Assessment of the National Forestry Resources’ for the Central Asian countries in Tashkent on 29 June. Specialists of forestry of the Republics of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, a number of international organizations take part in this training seminar.
The regional seminar for the Central Asian countries on national forest inventory is organized within the framework of national FAO program on monitoring and assessment of forests and with the purpose of implementation of main recommendations of the International Consultative Conference that was held in November 2008. This seminar will help the countries-partners and donors to recognize the importance of national forest inventory (NFI) for the carrying out of measurements, reporting and verification of the systems for the national program SVOD (Information, Lists, Accounts, Declarations) on mitigation of climate change consequences. It also will help to carry out the measures, aimed at provision of food safety. Besides this, the seminar will serve the impulse for the collection of more exact data and information that allow governments and donors allocating the necessary financial resources for mitigation of the processes of adaptation to climate change in the region.
The international training seminar on the ‘Monitoring and Assessment of the National Forestry Resources’ for the countries of Central Asia is organized for review of the situation emerged as the result of devastation of forests and degradation of lands and for consideration of the policy of the National Forest Cadastre, the national forest inventory on mitigation of climate change in the Central Asia region.
The organizers of the international training seminar on the ‘Monitoring and Assessment of the National Forestry Resources’ for the Central Asian countries expect to receive from the work of this seminar the following: better understanding of multipurpose national forest inventory for provision of co-ordinated policy, strategies and complex programs, including those on climate change, SVOD, biodiversity preservation, food safety. They also hope that the participants of the seminar will better understand the importance of planning and implementation of the multipurpose national forest inventory. The discussion on the General Plan of Actions on the development and strengthening of the activity within the framework of the national forest inventory in the region is planed during the seminar.
The international training seminar on the ‘Monitoring and Assessment of the National Forestry Resources’ for the Central Asian countries will continue its work to 2 July.